The county was formed in 1754 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.
Modern Day Adjacent Counties
Cumberland County is bordered by Harnett to the north, Sampson in the east, Bladen to the south, Robeson in the southwest, Hoke on the west and Moore in the northwest. Source - Wikipedia