Hampton County, SC
Founded in 1878, the county is named for Wade Hampton III, one of the country's leading slaveowners and a Lieutenant General for the Confederacy during the American Civil War. After the war, a leading proponent of the rose-tinted Lost Cause of the Confederacy interpretation or the war, he led the Redeemers working to reestablish white rule in South Carolina. At the end of the Reconstruction era he became Governor and then U.S. Senator from South Carolina.
The county had a peak of population in 1910, when agriculture was still the mainstay of the economy. Thousands of African Americans left after that for urban areas, especially in the North, in the Great Migration. The mechanization of agriculture reduced farm jobs.
Modern Day Adjacent Counties
Effingham County, Georgia
Screven County, Georgia