Durham Co., NC
The land of Durham County was at one time home to five Native American tribes: the Tuscarora, a nomadic tribe, and the Eno, Shocco, Adshusheer, and Occaneechi, all of the Sioux nation. The Eno, Flat and Little Rivers were attractive to traders, and the Indian Trading Path, a centuries-old trading route created by indigenous tribes, was adopted as the leading East-West route for settlers in the 1600's. Many English, Scottish and Irish settlers moved to the area during the colonial era, settling on the region given to the Earl of Granville in the present northeast corner of Durham County.
The county of Durham was created in 1881 despite much opposition from citizens of Orange County (of which Durham was originally a part) who did not want to lose their most prosperous town. In 1911, the Cedar Fork Township of Wake County was added to Durham County as Carr Township.
Modern Day Adjacent Counties