Early settlement of Halifax County came primarily from two directions. Germans and Scotch-Irish migrated from the northwest from Pennsylvania, while English settlers came from Virginia's Tidewater Region to the east. Settlement of Halifax County was interrupted by the French and Indian War, declared two years after the county was formed. Although all organized fighting took place north of Maryland, French-allied Indians attacked British frontier settlements from Maine to Georgia. Halifax County's population growth stagnated between 1752 and the early 1760s.
Source: History of Halifax County
Campbell County on the northwest, Charlotte County on the northeast, Mecklenburg County to the east, Pittsylvania County to the west, along with the North Carolina counties of Granville on the southeast, Person to the south and Caswell on the southwest.