Northumberland County, VA
The area lying between the Rappahannock and Potomac rivers, tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay, was occupied at the time of English settlement by the Algonquian-speaking historic tribes of the Wicocomico and Chickacoan. Northumberland County was created by the Virginia General Assembly in 1648. This “Mother County of the Northern Neck” was organized and named after County Northumberland, England. The first white settler to make a permanent home in the county was Col. John Mottrom, sometime between 1635-1640.
Originally known as the Indian district Chickacoan, the area was first referred to as Northumberland in the colonial records in 1644.
The size of the county was drastically reduced in 1651 and 1653 as the colonial government organized Lancaster and Westmoreland counties from it. Of the 172 counties that have ever existed in Virginia's history, Northumberland ended up being an "ancestor" of 116 of these.
and the Northumberland County, Virginia
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Modern Day Adjacent Counties
Northumberland is bordered by Lancaster